While most Americans may feel overworked and underpaid, the steady climb of CEO pay has ensured that chief executives most assuredly are neither.
According to data compiled by the AFL-CIO, the average CEO pay at 327 of the nation's biggest companies reached $12.3 million when you include salaries, bonuses, perks, stock awards, stock options and other incentives.
It's the equivalent of a whopping $7,000 an hour – 350 times the typical worker's pay of $20 an hour, according to Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) data – and that's just the average. Some CEO pay is much higher.
For example, the most generously compensated chief executive in the United States is Google Inc. (Nasdaq: GOOG) CEO Eric Schmidt. His total annual compensation of just under $101 million breaks down to about $48,548 per hour, or about $809 per minute.
With the average worker making about $35,204 a year, that means CEO Schmidt makes more money in an hour than most Americans earn in a year.
The widening gulf in pay is reflected in the sluggish U.S. economy, and it's starting to alarm more and more people.
"I'm shell-shocked. I can't believe this can go on," John Bogle, founder of the Vanguard mutual fund company and a long-time critic of CEO pay, told USA Today. "I can't believe owners of these companies can't take a bigger stand."
Why Soaring CEO Pay is a Negative
While most people would agree that chief executives deserve substantially more money than workers, few think a ratio of 350 times the average worker's salary is reasonable, or, for that matter, healthy.
It's not even the norm for CEOs in other major economies. The ratio of CEO pay to average worker pay in neighboring Canada is 204, in Germany it's 147, in the U.K. it's 84, and in Japan it's just 67.
While it's true that "hard work does lead to great benefits, it's also important to remind people that they often overestimate what their contribution is to overall outcome to the company or a project," Heidi Moore, economics editor at The Guardian, said in Yahoo Finance's The Daily Ticker.
Moore said the disconnect between compensation for workers and CEOs is actually bad for the U.S. economy.
"It's potentially one of the reasons our economy is not moving forward," she said. "You'll find that inequality usually rises as an economy struggles."
And as the gap between CEO pay and average worker pay keeps growing, it triggers anger and negative publicity that companies could live without.
Then you end up with things like the Occupy Wall Street movement (which has never totally gone away) and strident statements from worker groups like the AFL-CIO.
"American chief executives continued to do very well for themselves last year, while workers struggle to make ends meet," Richard Trumka, president of the AFL-CIO, said in a statement. "We are calling out the hypocrisy of rich CEOs who have the gall to ask for corporate tax cuts to be paid for by squeezing the retirement security of working America. The American public deserves to know the truth about their self-serving agenda."
CEO Pay: Who Makes the Most
Eric Schmidt, the only CEO to break the $100 million mark, tops the list but he has plenty of well-heeled company. Here's a list of the top 10, according to the AFL-CIO data. Note that the most compensation doesn't always go to the CEOs of the biggest companies:
- Eric Schmidt, Google, Inc.
$101 million (company market cap: $264 billion)
- Larry Ellison, Oracle Corp. (Nasdaq: ORCL)
$96.2 million (company market cap: $152.41 billion)
- Leslie Moonves, CBS Corp. (NYSE: CBS)
$69.9 million (company market cap: $28.98 billion)
- Mario J. Gabelli, Gamco Investors Inc. (NYSE: GBL)
$61.7 million (company market cap: $1.36 billion)
- Brian F. Maxted, Kosmos Energy Ltd. (NYSE: KOS)
$57.6 million (company market cap: $4.09 billion)
- Brett A. Roberts, Credit Acceptance Corp. (Nasdaq: CACC)
$54.3 million (company market cap: $2.33 billion)
- David M. Zaslav, Discovery Communications Inc. (NYSE: DISCA)
$50 million (company market cap: $19.05 billion)
- Michael S. Jeffries, Abercrombie & Fitch Co. (NYSE: ANF)
$48 million (company market cap: $4 billion)
- Richard M. Bracken, HCA Holdings Inc. (NYSE: HCA)
$46.4 million (company market cap: $16.67 billion)
- Robert Iger, Walt Disney Co. (NYSE: DIS)
$40.2 million (company market cap: $110.53 billion)
As for what can be done to reduce outlandish CEO pay, Moore said the best strategy may be to keep publicizing their pay to shame them – and the corporate boards that approve their compensation packages – into ratcheting things down a bit.
"Shame actually goes a long way because a lot of what happens on a corporate board happens almost in a bubble," Moore said. "It's a really important motivator to ask people to justify why they're getting the rewards that they're getting."
Related Articles and News:
- Money Morning:
Top 10 CEO Severance Packages
- Money Morning:
How These Companies Get Away with Paying Peanuts in Corporate Taxes
- The Daily Ticker:
CEOs Make More Than 350 Times the Average Worker: AFL-CIO
- USA Today:
CEO pay rockets as economy, stocks recover
About the Author
David Zeiler, Associate Editor for Money Morning at Money Map Press, has been a journalist for more than 35 years, including 18 spent at The Baltimore Sun. He has worked as a writer, editor, and page designer at different times in his career. He's interviewed a number of well-known personalities - ranging from punk rock icon Joey Ramone to Apple Inc. co-founder Steve Wozniak.
Over the course of his journalistic career, Dave has covered many diverse subjects. Since arriving at Money Morning in 2011, he has focused primarily on technology. He's an expert on both Apple and cryptocurrencies. He started writing about Apple for The Sun in the mid-1990s, and had an Apple blog on The Sun's web site from 2007-2009. Dave's been writing about Bitcoin since 2011 - long before most people had even heard of it. He even mined it for a short time.
Dave has a BA in English and Mass Communications from Loyola University Maryland.