Note: This article was updated August 20, 2013.
Many have wondered – and rightly so – why the U.S. dollar is rising even though the U.S. Federal Reserve has done just about everything possible to debase the currency over the past five years.
Over the past two years, the U.S. Dollar index, which measures the dollar against a basket of major world currencies, is up by more than 10%.
Part of the answer is that most of the world's other central banks have pursued easy money policies similar to the Fed's. In the so-called "currency wars," the U.S. dollar has one major built-in advantage.
"The U.S. has never defaulted," explained Money Morning Chief Investment Strategist Keith Fitz-Gerald. "The world may hate our guts, but when all hell breaks loose, they all love our dollar."
Also helping to explain why the U.S. dollar is rising is that it remains the world's reserve currency – the money a majority of nations use to buy commodities such as oil — and that the U.S. economy, for all its warts, is in better shape than most of the other developed economies in the world.
"The dollar is the best-looking horse in the glue factory," Fitz-Gerald said.
So it wasn't too surprising that when the Fed started hinting back in June that it might start "tapering" its quantitative easing (bond-buying) policies later this year, the U.S. Dollar index spiked 3.1%.
Any further talk from the Fed about its plans for tapering – a very likely possibility — could further boost the dollar.
But Fitz-Gerald said that investors still need to be wary of the stronger U.S. dollar going forward.
"It doesn't mean the risks have gone away," he said. "The Fed has added trillions to its balance sheet. The economic recovery is not strong enough. Debt is out of control at every level – government debt, personal debt, corporate debt."
Why The U.S. Dollar Is Rising And Why That's Bad
To get an idea of the true state of the U.S. dollar, it helps to look beyond its recent strength.
About the Author
Dave has been a journalist for more than 35 years, including 18 spent at The Baltimore Sun. He has worked as a writer, editor, and page designer at different times in his career. He's interviewed a number of well-known personalities - ranging from punk rock icon Joey Ramone to Apple Inc. co-founder Steve Wozniak.
Over the course of his journalistic career, Dave has covered many diverse subjects. Since arriving at Money Morning in 2011, he has focused primarily on technology. He's an expert on both Apple and cryptocurrencies. He started writing about Apple for The Sun in the mid-1990s, and had an Apple blog on The Sun's web site from 2007-2009. Dave's been writing about Bitcoin since 2011 - long before most people had even heard of it. He even mined it for a short time.
Dave has a BA in English and Mass Communications from Loyola University Maryland.