And yet in 2014, Google raked in $14.44 billion in profit on $66 billion in revenue.
That's a lot of money, and it had to come from somewhere. So how does Google make money?
The short answer is online advertising. That's where about 90% of Google's revenue comes from.
Google's two main sources of advertising are ads that run on its own websites and ads that run on external websites that use Google's ad network. Ads on Google's own sites account for about 77% of the ad revenue, the network ads for the rest.
Here's how it works:
The main Google ad business is called AdWords. Advertisers bid on highly searched keywords to get their business to appear at the very top and to the right of the search results (with a yellow box with the word "ad" in it).
Typically these ads only appear in searches that could result in some sort of commerce. (So no ads in a search for "Hitler's bunker.")
The more likely the search will result in some sort of sale, the higher the bidding for those words – and the higher the revenue for Google.
The most expensive AdWords tend to have to do with insurance. The word "insurance" by itself goes for $26.81, but the phrase "car insurance quotes" is worth $60.83.
That's because people searching for "car insurance quotes" are looking to buy insurance right then and there. That's exactly the target audience an auto insurance company wants.
And the fees are "cost per click" (CPC). So every time a person clicks on an AdWords listing, Google gets paid the current value of the AdWord. You can see how that would add up quickly.
Of course, the user also finds what they're looking for, so everybody wins.
About the Author
Dave has been a journalist for more than 35 years, including 18 spent at The Baltimore Sun. He has worked as a writer, editor, and page designer at different times in his career. He's interviewed a number of well-known personalities - ranging from punk rock icon Joey Ramone to Apple Inc. co-founder Steve Wozniak.
Over the course of his journalistic career, Dave has covered many diverse subjects. Since arriving at Money Morning in 2011, he has focused primarily on technology. He's an expert on both Apple and cryptocurrencies. He started writing about Apple for The Sun in the mid-1990s, and had an Apple blog on The Sun's web site from 2007-2009. Dave's been writing about Bitcoin since 2011 - long before most people had even heard of it. He even mined it for a short time.
Dave has a BA in English and Mass Communications from Loyola University Maryland.