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How do activist investors like Carl Icahn pick their targets? It's a question a lot of investors will have after the string of new positions activist investors have taken in big-name stocks.
It's the latest marquee target for Icahn, who in recent weeks has added large stakes in iconic insurer American International Group Inc. (NYSE: AIG), mining giant Freeport-McMoRan Inc. (NYSE: FCX), and PayPal Holdings Inc. (Nasdaq: PYPL), freshly spun off from eBay Inc. (Nasdaq: EBAY).
And Carl Icahn wasn't the only activist busy in Q3. The 13F filings that became available this week showed Bill Ackman raising his stake in the besieged Valeant Pharmaceuticals International Inc. (NYSE: VRX) to 9.9%.
Dan Loeb pumped up his holdings in Baxter International Inc. (NYSE: BAX) to 9.8%. And Nelson Peltz's Trian Fund Management increased its stake in food distributor Sysco Corp. (NYSE: SYY) from 3.56% to 13.78%.
Because activist targets are often widely held, it behooves investors to know what might put stocks they own in an activist's sights.
Let's use the Carl Icahn holdings as an example.
What Carl Icahn Holdings Tell Us About How Activists Work
Like all investors, activists look for undervalued companies. But because they can buy such large stakes, activist investors also look for companies they can push into strategic moves they believe will create shareholder value.
Take Xerox. Icahn hasn't disclosed his plans yet, but he could try to get Xerox to sell its equity stake in the Fuji Xerox joint venture or advocate for the separation of the company's documents and IT services operations.
Icahn did say he would pursue a seat on Xerox's board to help him persuade management to consider his suggestions - a common Carl Icahn tactic.
Xerox stock is down more than 22% on the year and reported its first quarterly loss in five years in October. Those are the kinds of characteristics that tend to draw the attention of activist investors like Carl Icahn.
About the Author
David Zeiler, Associate Editor for Money Morning at Money Map Press, has been a journalist for more than 35 years, including 18 spent at The Baltimore Sun. He has worked as a writer, editor, and page designer at different times in his career. He's interviewed a number of well-known personalities - ranging from punk rock icon Joey Ramone to Apple Inc. co-founder Steve Wozniak.
Over the course of his journalistic career, Dave has covered many diverse subjects. Since arriving at Money Morning in 2011, he has focused primarily on technology. He's an expert on both Apple and cryptocurrencies. He started writing about Apple for The Sun in the mid-1990s, and had an Apple blog on The Sun's web site from 2007-2009. Dave's been writing about Bitcoin since 2011 - long before most people had even heard of it. He even mined it for a short time.
Dave has a BA in English and Mass Communications from Loyola University Maryland.