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The price of Bitcoin today fell over $200 last night as China announced it's banning ICOs because they could be used for fraud. Yesterday, the price of Bitcoin opened at $4,591.63 but closed at $4,236.31.
The People's Bank of China (PBOC), the nation's central bank, labeled ICOs as an illegal form of fundraising. Barring a change in policy, companies will not be allowed to start new fundraising efforts or continue existing ones. The central bank also ordered companies to return all funds back to their original investors in China.
"ICO financing refers to the activity of an entity raising virtual currencies, such as Bitcoin or Ethereum, through illegally selling and distributing tokens," Chinese regulators said in a statement translated by CoinDesk. "In essence, it is a kind of non-approved illegal open fundraising behavior, suspected of illegal sale tokens, illegal securities issuance and illegal fund-raising, financial fraud, pyramid schemes, and other criminal activities."
Though neither of the top two cryptocurrencies should be affected over the long term, the negative sentiment following the decision pummeled the entire cryptocurrency market.
Despite the price drop in cryptocurrencies yesterday, many have slightly rebounded today.
Below is a recap of the top cryptocurrency prices at 11:45 a.m. EDT.
Bitcoin: $4,255.76, +0.44%
Ethereum: $297.02, +3.39%
Ripple: $0.210, +5.22%
Bitcoin Cash: $525.77, +0.52%
Litecoin: $67.57, +5.41%
Now that we know all of today's price movements, here's what has been moving these cryptocurrencies…
Bitcoin Prices Plunge from All-Time High
Bitcoin hit its lowest price since Aug. 22 after Chinese regulators banned companies from raising funds through ICOs. This is not the first time that Chinese regulators have moved to crack down on the sector.
Earlier this year, China threatened to shut down several exchanges on the speculation that some had violated anti-money laundering rules.
Bitcoin today did fare much better after the sell-off than many of its rivals.
Ethereum Prices Crash Below $300
The Ethereum price took an especially hard hit after the PBOC released its stance on ICOs.
The decision is especially hard for Ethereum due to the decentralized nature of its network. The problems could accelerate for firms like Ethereum and NEO, as rumors are swirling that South Korean leaders may soon initiate harsher regulations on the industry.
Top 5 Cryptocurrencies to Invest in Today
NEO – largely considered the "Ethereum of China" – has recovered slightly this morning after a nearly 50% decline over the last week.
Ripple Rebounds Slightly After Broader Sell-Off
The price of Ripple was flat Tuesday as it recovered from the weekend's sell-off. Many investors had been piling into Ripple over the last week after the company hosted a conference with industry leaders and global financial officials.
The audience at the event included members of the PBOC. Investors took that as a positive sign and speculated that Chinese leaders were finally coming around on cryptocurrencies.
Unfortunately, Chinese officials decided to go in the opposite direction with their policy decision.
Litecoin Prices Rally to Advance Huge Weekly Gains
Litecoin surged above $91 on Friday, but plunged after the Chinese decision. On Sept. 5, Litecoin fell to $59.05, a 36% drop in just two days.
The total market capitalization fell from $4.8 billion to roughly $3.1 billion. Prices fell to their lowest level since Aug. 27. Long-term Litecoin investors remain optimistic that this is just a short-term pullback.
The cryptocurrency is viewed as a more favorable network for processing payments than Bitcoin, which is viewed as a more viable network for storage of information.
Global Altcoin Update
The total market capitalization of the cryptocurrency industry plunged more than 10%. As of this morning, the total market capitalization sits at $147.1 billion.
Top performers from the largest 50 cryptocurrencies by market capitalization included Civic (up 13.5%), OmiseGo (up 14.2%), and NEO (up 11.5%). The largest decliners over the last 24 hours included EOS (down 12.4%), Iconomi (down 10.2%), and MCAP (down 10.0%).
About the Author
Garrett Baldwin is a globally recognized research economist, financial writer, and consultant with degrees from Northwestern, Johns Hopkins, Purdue, and Indiana University. He is a seasoned financial and political risk analyst, with a focus on stocks, hedge funds, private equity, blockchain, and housing policy. He has conducted risk assessment projects for clients in 27 countries, and consulted on policy and financial operations for some of the nation's largest financial institutions, including a $1.5 trillion credit fund, a $43 billion credit and auto loan giant, as well as two of the largest Wall Street banks by assets under management.
Garrett joined Money Map Press as an economist and researcher in 2011, specializing in alternative strategies with an emphasis on fundamental and technical analysis.