Whenever markets get like they are now, everyone loves to talk cash - cash on hand, cash coming off the sidelines, going to cash, cash, cash, cash. Watch any financial news show on cable, and it won't be long before you hear it mentioned.
This is one of the funniest discussions I think I have ever heard. That it's even up for debate is pretty ridiculous, but I guess they have to fill airtime with something.
Particularly dumb is the chin-wagging about the "low returns" on cash these days.
The return on cash is minimal, I agree, and for sure it's more comfortable to hold cash when you're collecting a nice interest payment, but earning interest is not - repeat, not - why you hold cash.
How much interest does a carpenter earn on his hammer? None, of course... but he can sure make a big pile of cash putting the hammer to work.
It works the same way with stocks. Cash is a tool - an essential tool - for investors.
Having cash means you can quickly and easily take advantage of bad markets or jump on "fallen angel" opportunities that come along from time to time. Being able to do that at will is the difference between doing okay as an investor and doing really freaking fantastic as an investor.
So that leaves us with two questions: "How much cash should I have in my portfolio, and what should I do with it?"
Those are big questions that investors have grappled with for years. I'm going to show you the answers.
Not only are they simpler than anyone realizes, but they're the key to maximum wealth...
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Here's the Cash Secret of the World's Best Investors
The seemingly elusive answers to these questions... are actually in the market itself, provided you're using strict "Heatseekers" criteria to target great companies at unreasonably cheap prices.
Here's what I mean by that.
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If the stocks in your portfolio are getting pricey and you can't find any new bargains to replace them, then that's a flashing neon sign that now's a good time to hold lots of cash.
Why? When valuations get sky-high and cease to make any kind of sense, the scenario never ends well for the markets.
Sure, we don't know exactly when bad things will happen to a richly overvalued market, but we do know it's likely due to a fall.
On the other hand, when the market starts to look like an all-you-can-eat buffet and there are more good companies at great prices than you can afford, we are probably near a market bottom.
This is when you spend the cash.
Are the world's best companies selling at single-digit price/earnings ratios? Spend the cash.
Are banks you judge to have fortress-like balance sheets trading at insane discounts from their asset value? Spend the cash.
Can you see any office buildings, apartments, high-end malls, or other properties going for 40% off their resale value? Spent the cash - on REITs.
It's not always easy to sit tight while other investors are spending like sailors on shore leave, buying up exciting-but-too-expensive stocks left and right, but in the end, you will enjoy the bigger, fatter returns while everyone else nurses their hangovers.
Not only will you be rich, but you'll be in great company...
These People Used a Simple Cash Strategy
As Charlie Munger once pointed out, "It takes character to sit there with all that cash and do nothing. I didn't get to where I am by going after mediocre opportunities."
And as Munger's better-known partner Warren Buffett once put it, "Cash combined with courage in a time of crisis is priceless."
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Some of the most outrageously successful investors you've never heard of have used elegant, deadly effective cash strategies to achieve that success.
Like Hetty Green...
Right around the turn of the 20th century, Green was almost certainly the richest woman in the United States - probably even the world's richest woman not named "Queen Victoria."
Green's formula was simple. When times were good, she kept her money in the bank, made first mortgage loans on high-quality properties, and was generally very conservative.
But when things were bad and stocks and real estate prices were collapsing, she would be the only one around with the cash reserves to snap up property and companies on the cheap.
A few years later, when the world had recovered as it always does, she would just sell them at several multiples of her purchase price and adopt a cash-heavy, conservative posture again.
There's Seth Klarman, too.
Klarman runs the Baupost Fund; he's been one of the top-performing hedge fund managers in the world, returning around 20% a year for more than 35 years now.
He accomplished this by always having lots of cash on hand, to act like Hetty Green when prices were falling.
Klarman wrote in a shareholder letter: "Our willingness to hold cash at times when great opportunities are scarce allows us to take advantage of opportunity amidst turmoil that could handcuff a competitor who is always fully invested."
An investor without cash is like a carpenter without a hammer or a surgeon without a scalpel.
So, yes, you should have cash. If bargains are hard to find and prices have been moving up for an extended period of time, you should have lots of cash. If bargains are thick on the ground, like the diamond truck tipped over and spilled all over the interstate, that's when you spend the cash.
I know that would seem to fly in the face of all the investment advice we have received over the years, but keep something in mind: Most of that "advice" emanated from Wall Street, and Wall Street hates cash, mostly because they haven't figured out how to charge fees on it.
"Damn the torpedoes, full speed (and full investment) ahead" has long been Wall Street's approach to getting your money into their pockets.
If you want average returns (or maybe even average losses), then by all means, take all of your money and buy stock indexes.
But to get rich - "Heatseeker rich" - use a cash strategy like the one I just showed you. Cash is a tool, and it is the most important one in the box.
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About the Author
Tim Melvin is an unlikely investment expert by any measure. Raised in the "projects" of Baltimore by a single mother, he never attended college and started out as a door-to-door vacuum salesman. But he knew the real money was in the stock market, so he set sights on investing - and by sheer force of determination, he eventually became a financial advisor to millionaires. Today, after 30 years of managing money for some of the wealthiest people in the world, he draws on his experience to help investors find "unreasonably good" bargain stocks, multiply profits, and build their nest eggs. Tim tirelessly works to find overlooked "hidden gems" in the stock market, drawing on the research of legendary investors like Benjamin Graham, Walter Schloss, and Marty Whitman. He has written and lectured extensively on the markets, with work appearing on Benzinga, Real Money, Daily Speculations, and more. He has published several books in the "Little Book of" Investment Series and a "Junior Chamber Course" geared towards young adults that teaches Graham's principles and techniques to a new generation of investors. Today, he serves as the Special Situations Strategist at Money Morning and the editor of Peak Yield Investor.