QE3 was finally announced by the U.S. Federal Reserve after today's Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) meeting.
Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke announced that the Fed will launch a new bond-buying program to purchase $40 billion in mortgage-backed securities each month. Interest rates will be kept at 0% through mid-2015, six months longer than originally planned.
Together with the rest of the remainder of the Operation Twist program, the Fed will be buying $85 billion in bonds for the rest of 2012. The new bond purchases will start tomorrow (Friday).
Bernanke and the FOMC decided in an 11-1 vote to use unconventional monetary policies once again to bring down unemployment that has been stuck above 8% for 43 months and to boost an economy that grew at a lethargic 1.7% rate in the second quarter.
But this new program, compared to previous rounds of easing, has a new twist.
QE3 is an open-ended program to buy bonds until the economy improves. The Fed said in its statement earlier today that if the labor market does not improve it will continue purchases and undertake additional measures if needed.
Now that QE3 is here, will this new measure actually boost the economy and spur job growth?
Catherine Mann, a Brandeis professor and former Federal Reserve economist doesn't think so.
"The Fed continues to want the economy to grow faster and specifically, to grow more jobs, but the ability of QE to do that is extraordinarily limited," she told CNN. "We know that QE reduced interest rates, but we also know that has not led to more construction, more mortgages, more business investment, or more lending. Since it hasn't done any of that, it probably hasn't created jobs either."