Last month the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) announced that it would no longer accept stop-loss and good 'till cancelled (GTC) orders. It went on to say that it would cancel existing orders of those types in its books, too.
The policy, subject to U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) rule filings, goes into effect on Feb. 16, 2016, so there's plenty of time to prepare. Besides, GTC orders usually expire in 90 days, anyway. And of course the brokerages will continue to offer these types of orders. They'll simply trigger in-house and then be sent as limit or market orders for execution.
So, on the surface, this announcement doesn't seem like such a big deal.
But it is a very big deal. Partly for its effect on investors – though I'm going to show you how to get around it – but even more so for what the NYSE and its regulator, the SEC, are telegraphing with this decision: That they're essentially washing their hands of what's about to happen…
The Exchange Didn't Have Much to Say
The NYSE didn't offer much in the way of an explanation for its big change. Its only real response to the rule change came from an unnamed spokeswoman who wrote:
"Many retail investors use stop orders as a potential method of protection, but don't fully understand the risk profile associated with the order type. We expect our elimination of stop orders will help raise awareness around the potential risks during volatile trading."
Nevermind that investors have used these two order types as critical tools to limit their losses for over 100 years…
Nevermind that little distractions like life, careers, and family make it tough for regular investors to stay glued to their Bloomberg terminals 24/7. The NYSE suddenly thinks it's important for investors to smarten up about volatility.
Don't believe it for a second.
What's really happening is that the SEC is finally giving up on even trying to control trading on the exchanges it regulates. It's passing responsibility for investor losses along to brokerage houses and, ultimately, to individual investors themselves.
And it's doing it because the public face of trading, the venerable New York Stock Exchange, the stock market as we know it, is broken.
Here's How We Got Here
The United States has 14 stock exchanges and dozens of "dark pools." And because competing trading venues need orders to create transactions, they "pay for order flow" from brokerage houses and institutional money managers. All that competition spreads orders far and wide, so there's no singular exchange or place where hundreds or thousands of "standing" orders reside, waiting to be executed.
By not properly managing competing trading venues and allowing unrestrained selling of order flow, the SEC aided and abetted the "thinning of liquidity."
What's more, the minimum increment a stock can be traded in has also changed.
Up until 2001, stocks mostly traded in increments of an eighth of a dollar, or $0.125. Now, under decimalization, stocks trade in increments as small as a penny.
What seemed like a good idea to reduce transaction costs and narrow spreads – the difference between the price someone is willing to pay for a stock and the price someone is willing to sell that stock for (which used to be $0.125 and can now be $0.01) – turned out to be another nail in the market's coffin.
While decimalization theoretically reduced spreads and transaction costs, in practice what happened is investors didn't leave their orders standing around because intermediaries (meaning specialists on the NYSE and Nasdaq market-makers) could take a small one-penny-per-share risk and buy stock a penny ahead of a standing order they saw residing on their books.
By not correcting the mistake of decimalization, the SEC allowed short-term traders to front-run standing orders and use those standing orders as a backstop to exit their trades if prices go the wrong way. That unfair treatment caused investors to leave fewer standing orders in the market, which again aided and abetted the fatal thinning of liquidity.
Of course, the NYSE can't say any of that. All it can say is it won't accept stop orders.
It should say it's because market liquidity is so thin on big down days that stop orders will get filled way below where they should.
And the NYSE and the SEC would rather you blame your brokerage house for that – or blame yourself for a lack of "awareness around the potential risks during volatile trading."
So that's the bad news. The good news is you don't have to lie down for this…
The Easiest Way to Protect Your Money from the Rule Change
About the Author
Shah Gilani is the Event Trading Specialist for Money Map Press. In Zenith Trading Circle Shah reveals the worst companies in the markets - right from his coveted Bankruptcy Almanac - and how readers can trade them over and over again for huge gains. He also writes our most talked-about publication, Wall Street Insights & Indictments, where he reveals how Wall Street's high-stakes game is really played.