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Is Apple Inc.'s (Nasdaq: AAPL) Bet on Liquidmetal About to Pay Off?

Apple Inc. (Nasdaq: AAPL) loves to think of lucrative new uses for other people's bright ideas.

For instance, the original iPod wouldn't have been possible without Toshiba's innovative 1.8-inch hard drive.

And when Steve Jobs learned about Gorilla Glass in 2006, he convinced Corning to revive the largely unused technology so Apple could put it in the iPhone.

So it's no surprise that Apple has been toying with yet another breakthrough technology.

It's called Liquidmetal.

Liquidmetal is a family of metal alloys that combines a variety of metallic elements. It's a technique that rapidly cools the mixture into a "metallic glass" with a distinctly different molecular structure than conventional metals. It becomes amorphous, as opposed to crystalline.

That amorphous structure is the secret behind Liquidmetal's many remarkable properties.

Now imagine what Apple could do with a material that:

  • Is five times as strong as aluminum and twice as strong as titanium;
  • Is three times as elastic as ordinary metals;
  • Is highly resistant to corrosion;
  • Is highly resistant to scratching and wear;
  • Has a fingerprint-resistant, glossy finish that needs no polishing;
  • And can be blow-molded like glass or injection-molded like plastic.

And while most of the basic ingredients of Liquidmetal — zirconium, titanium, nickel, copper, and beryllium — remain the same, adjustments to the ratios and manufacturing process can customize the alloy for many different purposes.

Invented in 1992 as part of a joint project between NASA, the California Institute of Technology and the U.S. Department of Energy, Liquidmetal creates vast new possibilities – particularly in the hands of a company as innovative and resource-rich as Apple.

As NASA's web page for spinoff technologies puts it:

"In the same way that the inventions of steel in the 1800s and plastic in the 1900s sparked revolutions for industry, [this] new class of amorphous alloys is poised to redefine materials science as we know it in the 21st century."

The Story of Liquidmetal Technologies Inc. (OTC: LQMT)

The technology belongs to the aptly named Liquidmetal Technologies Inc. (OTC: LQMT), a company formed more than two decades ago to commercialize the new material.

In contrast to the promise of its technology, Liquidmetal is tiny. With no factory of its own, Liquidmetal enlists partners to manufacture customized parts for customers. It has fewer than 20 employees and its market cap recently slipped below $50 million. The stock has been trading below $0.50 lately and tends to be volatile.

And yet as the owner of the intellectual property, Liquidmetal appears to be sitting on a gold mine. Liquidmetal Next Big Apple SupplierStill, Liquidmetal's attempts to commercialize its product met with mixed success until Apple came along.

Intrigued by Liquidmetal's unusual properties, Apple made a deal with the company in 2010 to secure exclusive worldwide rights to use the alloy in consumer electronics products. Liquidmetal retains the right to license its technology to other industries, such as defense or medical.

"They have been working with Apple for a long time," Drew Merkel, one of Liquidmetal's biggest investors, told the Cult of Mac Website back in 2010. "They were making prototypes, trying to land a big fish."

Apple Senior Vice President for Industrial Design Jonathan Ive, whose enthusiasm for alternative materials and manufacturing processes is well known, is said to be particularly fascinated by Liquidmetal.

So far, not much has come of the relationship – Apple's only confirmed use of Liquidmetal is the SIM card removal tool included with some versions of the iPhone.

But that's likely to change soon.

What Apple Could Do With Liquidmetal

Apple would not have invested more than $20 million – that was just the upfront fee it paid Liquidmetal in 2010 – simply to build a better SIM card removal tool.

Recent rumors out of Korea have suggested Apple will use Liquidmetal to make the outer case of the iPhone 5, which is expected to launch in October.

But such possibilities were being discussed as far back as 2010.

"I think they're going to make the iPhone out of it," Dr. Jan Schroers, a former director of research atLiquidmetal who is now an Associate Professor of Mechanical Engineering & Materials Science at the Yale School of Engineering and Applied Science, told Cult of Mac. "It's quite obvious from what Liquidmetal has done in the past and what the technology is capable of."

Obviously a metal with exceptional strength and durability, not to mention a silky-smooth, smudge-resistant finish, would suit the iPhone 5 perfectly.

"The next iPhone needs to truly stand out from the crowd," Canalys analyst Chris Jones told Wired. "A change in materials is a likely way to differentiate its form factor."

Schroers said Liquidmetal could also be used to build remarkably thin, strong seamless frames for other Apple products, such as MacBooks, iPads or big screen displays. For that matter, it would make an ideal frame for the much-anticipated Apple iTV.

Apple could even etch its logo as a holographic image into the alloy. How cool is that?

Liquidmetal's unusual properties also make it a good candidate for a wide assortment of other components, such as an iPhone antenna, parts of rechargeable batteries and laptop hinges.

A Waterproof iPhone 5?

But perhaps the most significant possible use of Liquidmetal in an Apple product is for waterproofing mobile devices such as the iPhone.

Last year Crucible Intellectual Property, the Liquidmetal subsidiary formed in the 2010 deal to work with Apple, filed a patent covering the use of the alloy as a waterproof sealant.

According to the Patently Apple Website, the patent says the process could be used in "a telephone, such as a cellphone, and a land-line phone, or any communication devices, such as a smartphone, including, for example, aniPhone.Other listed devices includean electronic email sending/receiving device or be a part of a display, such as a digital display,a TV monitor, an electronic-book reader, an iPad and a computer monitor."

Apple itself had earlier filed for a patent on a different method for waterproofing mobile devices, so it's clearly determined to add it as a feature one way or another.

To anyone who's ever dropped their iPhone into a swimming pool, bathtub or toilet, such news will be welcome indeed.

And with Liquidmetal in Apple's arsenal, a waterproof iPhone may be only the beginning.

"It is hard to predict what will come, when you leave such a technology to the imagination and creativity of Apple product development and innovation," Dr. Atakan Peker, a former vice president of research at Liquidmetal, told Cult of Mac. "I won't be surprised with some very interesting [Liquidmetal-using] products in the future."

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Join the conversation. Click here to jump to comments…

  1. steve | April 30, 2012

    The best fact about LQMT is that it does not do FLASH! Flash is the stuff that squeezes out between molds. Also no wear of molds. Think saving billions on just deburring parts, check out the sim card removal tool, if your a manufacturer look at that part carefully because it was delivered that way out of the mold….amazing!

    • Dorkus Maximus | April 30, 2012

      … does not do Flash. That's pretty funny. That would've caught Steve Jobs's eye right there!

  2. Daycare Provider | April 30, 2012

    I think this is the critical feature of iPhone 5, it'll be unibody with edge to edge screen, thinner (as the metal is stronger) and gorgeous.. it'll be a game changer. Apple's stock should get ready for $700 range once this is out.

  3. Edward Melnychuk | April 30, 2012

    LQMT is so hot it is cool!

  4. Ken | April 30, 2012

    Here we go with the iTV again. The iTV is already on the market, and it is not an Apple product. iTV has already taken legal action to inform Apple that it is not selling its trademark. If this blogger doesn't know that, how is he a good source of information? See

  5. Erik | April 30, 2012

    I had never even thought a company would waterproof a cell phone – but it's brilliant! Think about the money Apple will save in returned phones due to being dropped in the toilet or pool.

    I really like LQMT but am concerned the cost is too high for use in widespread commercial devices. I think Apple will buy them to get the middle man cost out and then camp out in new Cupertino-based labs to put the LQMT tech into high gear.

    And don't forget about the new Apple TV and what components it may use.

  6. reasonable | April 30, 2012

    Since Apple already has the rights to use it, I wonder how much LQMT will get for each Apple product produced using it? Will it be $0 or something that will send LQMT's shares through the roof?

  7. Jake Singer | April 30, 2012

    From whatI have research LQMT will not receive anymore licensing fees from Apple. LQMT must have needed the money badly enough, to give away their rights to the consumer electronic space to Apple, without any kicker for themselves. Consumer electronics is a huge space and LQMT no longer has that market.

    If you read their filings, you'll also notice that the executives formed other companies to take advantage of new opportunities. Denying shareholders any upside from related income.

    The article reads as if there is additional revenue coming from Apple. Unfortunately, Apple got the better end of the deal. They plan products 5 to 10 years out and use the intervening period to secure all the licenses, patents, etc. without giving the licensor a clue for the size of the opportunity. I see other obvious opportunities for LQMT, but I don't think management will share them with shareholders. They'll probably set up a different company and exploit the opportunities there.

  8. chaser | April 30, 2012

    but could just someone explain what is happening to AAPL in the recent weeks. The results were great, yet people are selling off.

  9. Howard | April 30, 2012

    This is but another sign of what is to come from AAPL. Being way overloaded in Apple from the $200 range, of course I tend to think the best of the company and stock price. The sky is almost the limit with this company until the DOJ gets involved, as they are now starting to, and brings them down like they did Micorsoft and IBM. Short term, one or two years, the ride is going to be great if you are on board. Bought more on the pullback today.

  10. Craig Nakamoto | May 1, 2012

    Cool, LQMT does not do FLASH and neither does the iPhone! A match made in heaven ;-) seriously though, I hope they do use it on the iPhone 5 and make it waterproof!

  11. StockCharts Kid | May 2, 2012

    Apple has always stepped up to use emerging technologies. They truly have an idea of what the consumer wants even if the consumer themselves don't know.

    Apple is a top of the line product. No shortcuts. They're expensive and consumers buy because there is indeed value.

  12. james | May 4, 2012

    Considering that beryllium is highly toxic, will the cases have to go through EPA and FDA approval?

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