The Two Ways Trump Can Upend Recreational Marijuana in 2017

recreational marijuana On Thursday, White House press secretary Sean Spicer suggested the Trump administration will soon crack down on state laws regarding recreational marijuana use.

"I do believe that you'll see greater enforcement," Spicer said, while adding that the exact issue is a "question for the Department of Justice."

Spicer also clarified the administration is solely focusing on recreational use of the drug, which is now legal in eight states.

"Again there's a big difference between the medical use... that's very different than the recreational use, which is something the Department of Justice will be further looking into," Spicer added.

Indeed, Trump's new attorney general, Jeff Sessions, has been an outspoken critic on the nation's burgeoning marijuana industry.

The 20-year senator is firmly against legalizing pot for recreational or for medicinal use.

"We need grown-ups in charge in Washington to say marijuana is not that kind of thing that ought to be legalized," Sessions claimed in a Senate meeting on April 5.

And with his new power as attorney general to enforce federal laws, he'll be able to change the expanding marijuana industry in one of two ways...

2 Ways the Trump Admin Can Upend Recreational Marijuana

No. 1: Reverse the Cole Memo

Under former President Barack Obama, the DOJ treated marijuana legalization as a states' issue.

In fact, in 2013 the DOJ released a memorandum, dubbed the "Cole Memo," that outlined what circumstances would call for federal law enforcement to intervene on the marijuana issues of individual states. Basically, so long as the states are effectively able to regulate and enforce their marijuana policies, there would be need for intervention.

However, Sessions has heavily criticized Obama's decision in the past, and on April 5 stated the administration had "allowed the issue of legal marijuana to be minimized."

You see, Sessions could easily reverse the course as the current attorney general by scrapping the memo completely and allowing the feds to start interfering in the states' business. And he could do so at any time...

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"The DOJ could write a letter to governors in legalized states stating that any state issued licenses regulating marijuana sales is a violation of the Controlled Substances Act, and say they have 90 days to revoke licenses. It could issue a new memo to the states that have not implemented marijuana sales yet and say that they advise those states not to allow them," said Jeffery Zinmeister, executive vice president and director of government relations for anti-legalization group Smart Approaches to Marijuana on Dec. 5.

The Trump administration could also stymie recreational marijuana this year by targeting an obscure amendment enacted over a decade ago...

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No. 2: Enforce Federal Spending

Legislation passed in 2003 prohibited the Justice Department from spending funds to interfere with the implementation of state medical marijuana laws.

This legislation is known as the Rohrabacher-Farr amendment.

You see, the amendment deals directly with medical marijuana use - but federal law still classifies the drug, in any form and for any use, as a controlled substance.

"I think it's true in practice, it's true in public opinion, but it's not true in federal law," said Brookings Institution drug policy expert John Hudak to The Cannabist on Jan. 23. "Medical marijuana is just as illegal as recreational marijuana," Hudak said.

The law does not change the legal status of marijuana in any form, and must be renewed each fiscal year in order to remain in effect. The Trump administration could decide to not renew it in order to redirect Justice Department spending and resume the prosecution of state cases of marijuana use.

The law will be up for renewal on Oct. 1.

Up Next

Marijuana legalization is determined by state voters right now.

And marijuana stock investors want to know if it will stay that way.

Here's one big reason investing in marijuana stocks could be profitable even with Sessions as the U.S. attorney general...

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